Cleaning 101

This is an encore post on basic cleaning strategies.  The chemicals are used as examples only, to better understand cleaning strategy. As a healthoriented company we prefer using products close to nature. That’s the big difference you’ll find with Clean Craft; we live up to our name: We clean everything everywhere in Concord, CA and the surrounding area with professional expertise and an eye towards ensuring health and safety.

Please review these cleaning tips and discover how you can apply them to cleaning your home, office or other space. The how-tos and spotting chart offer helpful resources.

 howtoCleaning can be a rewarding and sometimes fun! It helps to know the basic cleaning principles. First look at what it is you want to clean. Do you know where the dirt came from? If not don’t worry. I will give you some way on how to find out. It’s also important to know the different cleaners and when to use them. Let’s get familiar with some basic cleaners!1. Abrasives work like sandpaper and physically remove dirt. They come
in powders, liquids and tools like brushes, sponges and pads.2. Acid is the opposite of alkaline and can be used
to remove rust stains, water deposits and even clean clogged pipes.
Depending on its pH level the lower from 7 the more powerful. 7 being
neutral and anything higher is considered a Alkaline. Some acids include
lemon juice, (citric acid) vinegar, (acetic acid) and hydrochloric acid.
3. Alkaline can be used to remove heavy soil and
grease, wash windows. Clean coffee and tea stains and dissolve grease.
Alkaline include banking soda, ammonia, TSP (Tri-Sodium Phosphate) and
lye.
4. Bleaches used to bleach out a discoloration by
removing or adding oxygen. Bleaches are also used to disinfect because
of their ability to kill germs safely. Bleach types include oxygen bleach
(adds oxygen) reducing bleach (removes oxygen) and peroxide.
5. Detergents have the ability to lower surface tension
and of deflocculating soil and dirt clumps and keeping them in suspension,
so they can be washed away. Detergents are typically considered to be
both water and oil soluble, which serves as an emulsifying agent. Detergents
are used to clean both soil and grease. Detergents include laundry cleaners
(synthetic detergents) and soap.
soap

6. Solvents are capable of dissolving another substance
to form a uniformly dispersed mixture. They are chemically capable of
dissolving oily and greasy soils and stain and speed up drying time
because they evaporate faster than water. The types of solvents are
water miscible (wet solvents) like alcohol and butyl cello solve, and
water immiscible (dry solvents) like OMS (odorless mineral spirits)
and kerosene.

7. Enzymes are microorganisms engineered to break
down protein and oil into their basic components. Enzymes are sensitive
to pH changes and chemical reactions.

Now you have the knowledge of what the basic
cleaners do. So now we need to identify the problem. Some grime you
might already know. Some might be more complicated. Food might automatically
be considered a protein; some foods like juices and condiments contain
dye. Urine is a protein but it’s also very acidic and may require a
combination of enzyme and alkaline to completely remove it. There are
of course products specific for each problem but that goes beyond the
scope of this article!

Here’s a chart to help get you started!spot-chart-link
SPOT CHEMICAL REMOVAL
STEPS
ADHESIVES
Elmer’s glue
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse Repeat
Rubber Cement
VDS
Agitate Time Dry Vac Repeat
Other Adhesives
NVDS
Agitate Time Rinse
BEVERAGES
Beer
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse
Coffee
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse
Soft Drinks
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse
Cream De Menth
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse
Grape Juice
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse
Milk
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse
Prune Juice
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse
Tea
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse
Tomato Juice
NDS
Agitate Time Rinse
COSMETICS
Lip Stick
NVDS VDS
Agitate Blot Dry-Vac
Nail Polish
NVDS VDS
Agitate Blot Agitate Time Dry-Vac Repet
PAINTS
Acrylic
VDS NVDS VDS NDS
Time Agitate Dry-Vac
Latex
VDS NVDS VDS NDS
Time Agitate Dry-Vac
Varnish
VDS NVDS VDS NDS
Time Agitate Dry-Vac
Oil Stain
VDS NVDS VDS NDS
Time Agitate Dry-Vac
FOODS
Ketchup
NDS
Agitate Rinse
Chocolate
NDS
Agitate Rinse
Egg
NDS
Agitate Rinse
Gravy
NDS
Agitate Rinse
Ice Cream
NDS
Agitate Rinse
Mustard
NDS Protein Spotter
Agitate Rinse
MISCELLANEOUS
Asphalt
VDS NDS
Dry-Vac Rinse
Carbon Black
VDS NDS
Dry-Vac Rinse
Gum
NVDS
Agitate Time Repeat-Scrape-off Rinse
Crayon
VDS NDS
Dry-Vac Rinse
Grease
VDS NDS
Dry-Vac Rinse
Oil
VDS NDS
Dry-Vac Rinse

CHEMICAL SYMBOLS

 spotting-chart

VDS=Volatile
Dry Solvent

NVDS=Non
Volatile Dry Solvent

ADS=Alkaline
Detergent Solution

NDS=Neutral
Detergent Solution

Need dramatic cleaning results without the chemical residue that some cleaners leave behind? You need The Cleaning Craftsman! Contact us today for a free estimate.